Course Structure and Syllabi for
B. Tech. (Manufacturing Engineering)
National Institute of Foundry & Forge Technology
Hatia, Ranchi  834 003 (Jharkhand)
B. TECH. (MANUFACTURING ENGINEERING)  COURSE STRUCTURE
Year

Sem.

Course
No.

Subject

LTP

Credits

Total

I

I


Mathematics I

310

4

25


Principles of Electrical Engineering

302

4


Chemistry

302

4


Engineering Mechanics

310

4


English for Professional Communication

302

4


Engineering Graphics I

102*2

3


Workshop Practice I

002

1


EAA (NCC/NSS/PT)

002

1

I

II


Mathematics II

310

4

26


Basic Electronics

302

4


Solid Mechanics

312

5


Physics of Materials

302

4


Introduction to Computers and Programming Languages

302

4


Engineering Graphics II

102*2

3


Workshop Practice II

002

1


EAA (NCC/NSS/PT)

002

1

II

I


Mathematics III

310

4

28


Fluid Mechanics

312

5


Materials Science and Engineering

302

4


Industrial Economics

300

3


Engineering Thermodynamics

310

4


Environmental Pollution and Control

302

4


Elective I

300

3


EAA (NCC/NSS/PT)

002

1

II

II


Heat and Mass Transfer

310

4

26


Metal Casting and Welding Technology

402

5


Kinematics and Dynamics of Machines

310

4


Scientific Computation

302

4


Metal Forming Technology

302

4


Control Theory and Applications

310

4


EAA(NCC/NSS/PT)

002

1

Year

Sem.

Course
No.

Subject

LTP

Credits

Total

III

I


Operational Research I

310

4

24


Design of Machine Elements

302

4


Principles of Metal Cutting

302

4


Machine Tools

302

4


Engineering Metrology

302

4


Computer Graphics

302

4

III

II


Advanced Manufacturing Processes

302

4

24


Finite Element Methods and Applications

302

4


Advanced Metal Forming

302

4


Industrial Engineering

310

4


Manufacturing Systems Engineering

310

4


Technology of Special Foundry Processes

302

4

IV

I


Quality Assurance and Reliability

300

3

25


Forging Die Design and Manufacture

302

4


Machine Tools Design

302

4


Materials Management

300

3


Elective II

310/
302

4


Elective III

310/
302

4


Industrial Training



NC


Colloquium

030

3

IV

II


Elective IV

302/
310

4

22


Elective V

310/
302

4


Elective VI

310/
302

4


Major Project



10

TOTAL CREDITS (8 SEMESTERS) = 200
ELECTIVES
Elective I
Introduction to Sociology
Industrial Psychology
Management Concepts and Techniques  An Introduction
French Language
German Language
Elective II
Material Handling Systems and Equipment
Automobile Engineering
Geometric Modeling for Manufacturing
Advanced Numerical Modeling
Advanced Welding Technology
Elective III
Manufacture of Plastics and Ceramic Products
Facility Layout and Design
Rapid Prototyping and Reverse Engineering
Operational Research II
Heat Treatment Technology
Elective IV
Project Management
Knowledge Management for Competitiveness
Supply Chain Management
Industrial Tribology
Methoding of Castings
Elective V
Total Quality Management
Design for Manufacturing and Assembly
Micro and Nano Manufacturing
Concurrent Engineering
Design and Manufacturing of Composites
Elective VI
Fluid Power Control
Mechatronics
NonDestructive Testing
Evolutionary Computing
Laser Applications in Manufacturing
DETAILED SYLLABUS
Mathematics I

(310) 4 Credits

Matrices: Definitions, Addition and multiplication, Square matrices of different types, Determinants, Adjoint and inverse of a matrix, Elementary transformation, Rank, Normal form, Solution of line equations, Solvability, Matrix algebra, CayleyHamilton theorem, Eigen values and Eigen functions.
Coordinate geometry of two dimensions: Coordinate systems, Projections and directions, Plane, Straight line, Sphere, Cylinder, Cone and conicoids.
Vector analysis (with geometrical interpretation and applications): Elementary discussion, Product of two or more vectors, Geometry of line, plane and sphere in terms of vectors.
Differential calculus: Continuity and differentiability, Differentiation, Successive differentiation, Successive differentiation, Expansion of function remainders, Indeterminate forms, Partial differentiation, Total differential coefficients, To differential, Approximate calculations, Jacobians, Reduction of Laplacian operator in different coordinate systems.
Differential equation: Introduction.
Principles of Electrical Engineering

(302) 4 Credits

DC Circuits: Circuit Elements & their characteristics, Circuit Analysis using KCL, KVL, solution of Mesh & Nodal equations of RLC networks, Circuits theorems â€“ Superposition, Thevinin, Norton, Max. Power transfer & Reciprocity Theorem.
AC Circuits analysis: Periodic wave form, Peak, Average, RMS, Form factor of AC quantity, RLC circuits with sinusoidal excitation, Phaser notation, Reactance & Impedance, Series and Parallel Resonance.
Polyphase Circuits: Three phase system, star â€“ Delta connected sources and loads. 3 Wire & 4 â€“ wire system, Phaser diagram, Balanced and Unbalanced systems line & phase values, Power measurement.
Magnetic Circuits: Definition of magnetic quantities, concepts of magnetic and electrical analogy, BH curve, cyclic magnetization, Leakage, Hysteresis & Fringing, Core losses.
Electromagnetic induction: Faradayâ€™s law, dynamic Induction, Flemingâ€™s RHR & LHR, Self and Mutual Induction, Lenzâ€™s Law, Coupling coefficient.
Chemistry

(302) 4 credits

Chemistry of engineering materials with particular reference to metals, alloys, ceramics and glasses, introduction to Water treatment techniques.
Electrochemistry Electrochemical reactions, Electrochemical cells, laws of electrolysis, conductance, electroplating, electroanalytical methods of chemical analysis such as conductometry, potentiometry and polarography.
Thermochemistry  Heat of combustion, heat of formation, Hessâ€™s law of heat of summation, heat of neutralization, calorimetry.
Polymers Classification of polymers, properties of polymers, methods of polymerization, common polymer resins such as phenolic resin, amine resin, alkyd resin, polyesters, epoxy resin, polyurethane and furan polymers.
Spectroscopy  Emission and absorption spectroscopy, origin of spectra, principles, methods of chemical analysis based on spectroscopy, such as atomic and molecular absorption.
Engineering Mechanics

(310) 4 Credits

Introduction: Fundamental concepts and principles; Introduction to SI units; Review of vector Algebra; Important vector quantities;
Statics of particles: Concept of force; resultant of forces; resolution of forces; Equilibrium of particle.
Statics of rigid bodies: Definition of rigid body; Dot product and cross product of two vectors; mixed triple product of three products; Moment and couple; Varignonâ€™s theorem; Equivalent system of forces; simplest resultants; Equilibrium of rigid bodies.
Analysis of structures: determination of forces in members of plane trusses by method of joints and sections.
Friction: the laws of dry friction; wedges; square threaded power screws; belt friction.
Properties of surface: Centroids and centers of gravity of areas and lines, volumes; Theorems of PappusGuldinus; Second moment of inertia, of an area; Polar moment of inertia; Parallel axis theorem.
Kinematics of particles: Position, velocity and acceleration of a particle in rectilinear and curvilinear motion; Relative motion; Motion of projectiles; Tangential and normal components of acceleration.
Kinetics of particles: Newtonâ€™s second law of motion; Equation of motion; Dynamic equilibrium.
Kinematics of rigid bodies: Introduction; Translation; Rotation about a fixed axis; General plane motion; Absolute and relative velocity in plane motion; Plane motion of a particle relative to a rotating frame  Corriolis acceleration; Motion about a fixed point; General motion.
English for Professional Communication

(302) 4 Credits

Communication: Its role, process, barriers, dealing with barriers, Psychology insights into communication, Role of personality personality types, transactional analysis.
Verbal Skills: Sound pattern, phonetics, pronunciation, modulation, stress, elision, vocal qualifiers, rhythm, vocal segregates, characteristics and sound patterns.
Non verbal Skills: Paralanguage, gestures, prescenics, Kinesics
Listening Skills: Types and techniques of developing it.
Presentation Skills: Making presentation, audiovideo use (visual aids), the role of PLAN in presentation, characteristic of good speech and presentation
Written Skills: Fundamentals of English Grammars, usage, Editing, Effective writing, drafting, proposals, report, official letter writing, use of positive and negative language, persuasive letters, orders, messages, Styleconcise, precision and vocabulary
Use of language for specific goal/audience/reader
Engineering Graphics I

(102*2) 3 Credits

Introduction: Importance of Engineering Drawing, Drawing instruments and uses, BIS specifications, Layout of drawing sheets. Lines, lettering and dimensioning.
Conic Sections: Ellipse, Parabola and Hyperbola
Curves: Cycloid, Epicycloid, Involutes, Spirals and Helices
Projections: Theory of projections. Orthographic projections. Projection of points and straight lines.
Projections of Solids: Projections of solids with the axis parallel, perpendicular and inclined to reference planes. Auxiliary projections.
Intersection of Surfaces: Intersection between prism, cylinder and cone combinations with axes in the same plane.
Development of Surfaces: parallel line, Radial line, Triangulation and Approximate development methods of surfaces of solids.
Pictorial Projections: Isomeric projections and Isomeric Views of Solids and Combination of solids, Perspective Projections of Solids and Combination of Solids using Visual Ray method and Vanishing Point method.
Sections of Solids: Section planes. Projections of solids with section planes parallel, perpendicular and inclined to reference planes. True shape of sections.
Computer Aided Drafting: Introduction to computer Aided Drafting.
Workshop Practice I

(002) 1 Credit

Machining of wood and plastic materials, fitting, smithy, tools and processes. Selected exercise in carpentry, fitting and hand forging. Use of measuring tools, instruments and gauges.
Mathematics II

(310) 4 Credits

Vector Calculus: Differentiation of vectors and their products, Differential operators, Gradient, Divergence, Curl in relation to scalars and vectors and their functions, Physical interpretations : Line and Surface integrals, Gauss and Stokes theorems.
Complex Analysis: Introduction, analytic functions, CauchyRiemann equations, Line integral, Cauchy integral theorem and formula; Taylor and Laurent series, Cauchyâ€™s residue theorem, Single point, Point at infinity, Liouville theorem, Jordanâ€™s lemma, Evaluation of definite integrals, Bromwich contour integral, Branch points and contour integrals.
Algebra: Series  Tests of convergence and divergence of series, Proofs of tests, Convergence of infinite products.
Integral Calculus: Methods of integration, Integration of irrational algebraic and trigonometric functions , Reduction formulae, Definite integrals, Geometrical properties, Quadrature, Rectification, Volumes and surfaces, Differentiation and integration of integrals, Gamma and Beta functions, Multiple integrals with change of variable, Application to centre of gravity and moment of inertia.
Basic Electronics

(302) 4 credits

Semiconductor Diode Characteristics: Qualitative theory of pnjunction, pnjunction as a diode, Current components in a pndiode, the voltAmp. Characteristics/diode resistance, Breakdown diodes, Photo diodes, LEDs.
Transistor Characteristics: The junction transistor, transistor current components, transistor as an amplifier, Transistor construction, detailed study of the current in a transistor, the transistorAlpha, the commonBase configuration, the common Emitter configuration, the common Collector configuration, transistor biasing technique and thermal stabilization.
FieldEffect Transistor: Junction fieldeffect transistor, pinchoff voltage, JFET voltAmp. Characteristics, the insulated gate FET (MOSFET), a generalized FET amplifier, biasing of FET, the FET as a voltagevariable resistor (VVR)
Rectifier: Half wave rectifier, Ripple factor, Full wave rectifier, Full wave circuits, the Bridge rectifier voltagemultiplier, Filters (Lfilter, Cfilter, LC filter)
Untuned Amplifiers: Classification of amplifiers, pushpull amplifiers, classA large signal amplifier, classB & classAB and their operation, RC coupled amplifier, low frequency response of an RCcoupled stage.
Feedback Amplifier and Oscillators: Feedback concept, general characteristic of negative feedback amplifiers, voltage series feedback, current shunt feedback, voltage shunt feedback, operationalamplifier, basic uses of opAmp., Sinusoidal oscillators, the Phase shift oscillators, Resonantcircuit oscillators, Crystal oscillators.
Digital Electronics: Number system, Boolean algebra, Universal logic gates, Realization, Karnaughâ€™s map, FlipFlop, Registers and Counters.
Solid Mechanics

(312) 5 Credits

Introduction: Types of loads; Concepts of stress and strain; Normal and Shearing stress; Stressstrain Diagram; Hookeâ€™s law; Deformation of Axially loaded Members; Statically Indeterminate problems; Thermal stresses and strains; Deformation of compound bars; Lateral strain ;Poissonâ€™s ratio; Generalized Hookeâ€™s law; Bulk Modulus; Shearing strain; Elastic constants and their relationships.
Torsion: Theory of torsion; Deformation in a circular shaft; Statically Indeterminate Problems; Power transmission Shafts.
Pure bending: Theory of simple Bending; Deformation in a Symmetric Member in pure Bending; Normal Stresses due to bending of beams; Bending of composite beams.
Transverse loading: Horizontal Shear flow; Shearing Stresses in beams; Shear stress, Distribution in common types of Beams.
Shear force and Bending Moment: Relation among loads, Shearing force and Bending Moment; Shearing force and Bending Moment diagrams for cantilever, SimplySupported and Overhanging Beams; Maximum Bending Moment and pouts of contraflexure.
Transformation of Stress: Principal Stress and their Planes; Mohrâ€™s Circle for Plane Stress; Combined loading.
Thin walled Pressure vessels: Hoop and Longitudinal Stresses in Thin Cylindrical and spherical shells subjected to internal pressure; Changes in Dimensions and volumes.
Columns: Bucking of Columns due to axial loads; Eulerâ€™s formula for Column with different end conditions.
Physics of Materials

(302) 4 Credits

Nature of waves and particles, Wavepackets and uncertainty, Wave particle duality, Wave mechanics and its mathematical tools, Classical and quantum statistics, Statistics of discrete energy levels, Black body spectral density, Bose condensation; Free electrons, density of states, KronigPenny model, Effective mass, Band structure, Electrons in various types of solids, Particle in quantum well, Harmonic oscillator, Application to semiconductor doping, Nonperiodic materials; Tunneling of particles and examples, Tunneling through multiple barriers and semiconductor junctions; Interaction among quantum wells: materials under electric and magnetic fields, magnetic resonance effects; Nanostructures â€“ Concepts of electrons in low dimensional confinement, Quantum wells and Superlattices leading to new device concepts; Lasers  Einstein coefficients, Population inversion, Light amplification, Optical resonators, Characteristics of lasers; Superconductors
Introduction to Computers and Programming Languages

(302) 4 Credits

Introduction to computer systems; Representation of data in computers; Number systems.
FORTRAN language: FORTRAN preliminaries, input and output statements, format specifications, control statements, arrays, subprograms, file processing.
C++ language: Introduction, constants, variables and data types. Operators and expressions, Input/output streams, decision making and branching, looping, functions, arrays and pointers, Objects and classes.
Engineering Graphics II

(102*2) 3 Credits

Introduction to design process and drawings.
Conventions: Code of practice for engineering drawing  Methods of dimensioning Representation of details like drilled and tapped holes, countersunk and counterbored holes, etc.  Representation of standard components like bolts, nuts, washers, etc.
Assembly concepts: Methods and concepts of assemblies  Assembly requirements  Methods of assembly using bolts, nuts, screws and pins  Methods of arresting motion of a member in an assembly.
Assembly drawing practice: Making free hand sketches of typical subassemblies, like flange couplings, stuffing box, journal bearings, rolling element bearings, keyed joints, cotter joints, gears, belts, brackets and Cclamps. Detailed three view drawings of assemblies of (i) stop valve (ii) tail stock (iii) hydraulic cylinder and piston (iv) four speed gear box (v) universal joint (vi) cross head (vii) connecting rod (viii) safely valve (ix) machine vice and (x) screw jack. Assembly drawing with sectioning and bill of materials; Assembly and disassembly; Detailed part drawings from assembly drawings.
Production drawings  Limits, fits and tolerances, dimensional and geometric tolerances, surface finish symbols. Computer aided design and use of software packages for engineering drawings.
Workshop Practice II

(002) 1Credit

Metal casting, welding, sheet metal fabrication and basic machining processes; Materials, tools and instruments used; Elementary exercises in molding, casting, gas and arc welding, sheet metal forming, turning, shaping and milling.
Mathematics III

(310) 4 Credits

Differential Equations: Definitions, Differential Equations of First Order: of First Degree and higher, Singular Solutions, Geometrical Interpretation of Differential Equations, Linear Equations of Higher Order with: Constant Coefficients and Variable Coefficients (Second Order and Homogeneous equations), Simultaneous Differential Equations of One or More Variable, Partial Differential Equations, Total Differential Equations, Geometrical Interpretations, Solution of Laplace Equation, Heat Conduction Equation and Wave Equations by Separation of Variables in Cartesian, Cylindrical & Spherical Polar Coordinate Systems.
Special Functions: Solution of Legendre and Bessel Differential Equations, Different Kinds of Associated Functions, Generating Functions, Orthogonality Conditions, Expansion of Functions in terms of Legendre Polynomials and Bessel Functions.
Integral Transforms: Definitions, Laplace Transforms, Inverse Laplace Transforms, Fourier Series Expansion, Conversion into Different Intervals. Fourier Integral Formula, Fourier Mellin Theorem, Infinite and Finite Fourier Transforms & Hankel Transforms, Definite Integrals with the Help of Transforms, Application of Transforms to the Solution of Boundary Value Problems, Heat and Wave Equations.
Fluid Mechanics

(312) 5 Credits

Introduction. Definitions. Fluid properties: classification of fluids and flow regimes. Fluid statics: Stationary fluids and liquids subjected to constant linear acceleration and to constant rotation. Fluid kinematics: Lagrangian and Eulerian descriptions, pathlines, streaklines and streamlines, acceleration. Integral flow analysis: Reynolds transport theorem, conservation of mass/continuity equation and conservation of linear and angular momentum for a control volume in inertial and accelerating reference frames, energy equation, Bernoulliâ€™s equation, engineering applications. Differential analysis of flow: Continuity and NavierStokes equations. Dimensional analysis and Similitude theory. Inviscid flows: Irrotational flow, circulation, velocity potential and applications. Viscous flows in pipes and ducts. External viscous flows: concepts of boundary layer, momentum integral equation, drag and lift, separation.
Materials Science and Engineering

(302) 4 Credits

Structures of materials â€“ crystal structure, substructure, microstructure, etc. Phase diagram and phase transformation. Diffusion phenomenon. Principles of heat treatment. Mechanical behavior â€“ strength, hardness, deformation, creep, fatigue, etc. Mechanisms of strengthening and toughening of materials. Surface Engineering.
Industrial Economics

(300) 3 Credits

Micro: Economics  Nature, definition, scope and method; Equilibrium analysis; Statics, dynamic and comparative status; Demand analysis, Utility analysis; Indifference curve analysis; Elasticity of demand; Consumerâ€™s surplus; Production factor, Capital formation, Labor; Production possibility curve and production function; Laws of return; Cost and cost curves; Markets and their structures; Price determination; Monopoly, duopoly and oligopoly; Marginal theory of distribution; Wages; Rent; Interest; Profit.
Macro: Social accounting, National income, methods of measuring national income; Theory of employment, Keynesian system  critique, relevance, multiple and accelerator; Trade cycles; Inflation and monetary policy; Labor relations; Economic systems; Economics of development and welfare; Role of government
Engineering Thermodynamics

(310) 4 Credits

Introduction, Thermodynamic equilibrium; Quasistatic process; Zeroth law and reference points in thermometry; Work and heat transfer; First law for a closed system; Steady flow energy equation; Second law: KelvinPlanck and Clausius statements; Causes of irreversibility; Carnotâ€™s theorem; Absolute temperature scale; Inequality of Clausius; Entropy principle; Entropy transfer and entropy generation; Quality of energy; Energy principle; GuoyStodale theorem; Properties of a pure substance; pv, pT, Ts and hs diagrams; Properties of gases and gas mixtures, Equations of state; Law of corresponding states; Maxwellâ€™s equations; JouleKelvin effect; ClausiusClapeyron equation; Rankine cycle; Reheat and regenerative cycles; Cogeneration systems; Air standard cycles; Otto, Diesel, Dual, Stirling and Ericsson cycles; Brayton cycle and gas turbine plant.
Environmental Pollution and Control

(302) 4 Credits

Historical perspective. Human respiratory system; effects of pollutants on human health. Classification and sources of pollutants. CO, CO_{2}, O _{2}, N_{2} cycles, sources and sinks. Reactions of pollutants in the atmosphere, and their effects; smokes, smog, fog, acid rain and ozone layer. Global warming and its effects. Regulatory laws and standards. Atmospheric lapse rate, inversions and heat balance. Atmospheric diffusion of pollutants, transport, transformation and deposition.
Air sampling and pollutant measurement methods, principles and instruments. Ambient air quality and emission standards. Control principles: removal of gaseous pollutants by absorption, adsorption, chemical reaction and other methods. Selective catalytic reduction of NOx, Particulate emission control; settling chambers, cyclone separation, wet collectors, fabric filters and electrostatic precipitators. Clean coal technology and shifted emphasis on noncarbon sources of energy.
Heat and Mass Transfer

(310) 4 Credits

Conduction: Mechanism; Fourier's general conduction equation in 3D; 1D steady state conduction with heat generation: composite plane wall and cylinders, thermal resistance network, critical thickness of insulation; extended surface heat transfer. 2D steady state conduction: solution for simple boundary conditions. Unsteady heat conduction: lumped parameter system, semiinfinite wall with convection boundary condition. Use of Heisler charts.
Convection : Review of hydrodynamic equations of boundary layer theory. Convection boundary layers: velocity and thermal boundary layers. Laminar boundary layer analysis on flat plate. Fully developed heat transfer through smooth pipes. Relation between fluid friction and heat transfer. Turbulent boundary layer; forced convection correlations. Free convection: laminar free convection on a vertical flat plate; empirical correlations
Boiling and condensation: mechanism, different regimes of boiling, boiling curves and correlations, laminar film condensation on a vertical plate
Heat exchangers: types, analysis: LMTD, effectivenessNTU method.
Radiation: physical mechanism; radiation properties. Black body radiation, gray body; spectral dependence of radiation properties, Kirchoffâ€™s law. Wien's displacement law. View factor; radiation exchange between infinite planes, and between gray bodies; Radiation shields; reradiating surface and 3surface enclosures, network representation.
Mass transfer: Fickâ€™s law, similarity with convection and correlations.
Metal Casting and Welding Technology

(402) 5 Credits

Metal Casting: Introduction. Pattern materials and pattern allowances. Types of patterns and core boxes. Base sands and their characteristics. Clay bonded sand systems and practices. Additives and washes. Inorganic and organic binder based processes. Melting furnaces for different types of metals and alloys. Cupola melting and melt control. Introduction to gating and feeding. Fettling and salvaging of castings. Casting defects and remedies.
Welding: Introduction to welding. Different processes, Weldability. Bonding in liquid and solid states. Welding of various metals and alloys. Physical and metallurgical characteristics of weldments.
Kinematics and Dynamics of Machines

(310) 4 Credits

Kinematic pairs, diagram and inversion. Mobility and range of movements. Displacement, velocity and acceleration analysis of planar linkages. Dimensional synthesis for motion, function and path generation. Cam profile synthesis. Gears dynamic force analysis, flywheel, inertia forces and their balancing for rotating and reciprocating machines. Hydrodynamic and boundary lubrication in journal and thrust bearings.
Scientific Computation

(302) 4 Credits

Errors in computation, instability. Nonlinear equation in one variable: direct and iterative methods, order of convergence. Iterative methods for systems of nonlinear equations. Linear systems of equations direct and iterative methods, rate of convergence of iterative methods, illconditionedness of systems and condition numbers.
Interpolation: Lagrange, Newton divided difference formula, Newtonâ€™s interpolations, errors in interpolation, Gauss, Stirling, Bassels, splines.
Approximation: Least square and uniform approximations.
Differentiation: differentiation using interpolation formulas.
Integration: Integration using interpolation: NewtonCotes formulas, Gauss quadrature rules.
Ordinary differential equations: Taylor, Euler and RungeKutta formulas, multistep methods.
Computer implementation of various methods.
Metal Forming Technology

(302) 4 Credits

Mechanical behavior of metals in elastic and plastic deformation, stressstrain relationships. Yield criteria. Application to tensile testing. Concept of flow stress by true stressstrain curves, Fundamentals of metalworking, Strain rate and temperature in metal working. Hot deformation, cold working and annealing. Analysis of bulk forming processes like forging, rolling, extrusion, wire drawing by slab method. Technology and practice of these processes, Sheet metal forming processes.
Control Theory and Applications

(310) 4 Credits

Introduction to automatic controls. Modeling of flow, heat transfer and electrical, pneumatic and vibration systems. Block diagram and transfer function. Modeling of continuous systems.
Extraction of reduced order models. Transient and frequency response evaluation using Laplace transform. Characteristics of hydraulic controller, pneumatic, electronic controller, Electrohydraulic and electropneumatic controllers. PID control. Stability. Gain and phase margins. Control system design using root and compensation. Applications. Sequence control, Logic diagram. Introduction to digital control, Implementation using computers.
Operations Research I

(310) 4 Credits

Behavioral versus quantitative decision making  Role of models  Linear programming, graphical and simplex procedure  Sensitivity analysis  Transportation and assignment problems  Application of linear programming in business and other systems  Integer linear programming  Cutting plane algorithm and branch and bound methods  Introduction to queuing: Single and multiple server models, finite population models, queuing costs and applications.
Design of Machine Elements

(302) 4 Credits

Mechanical engineering design visÃ vis Solid mechanics  Factor of safety  Standards and design equations  Selection of materials and processes  Standard numbering system, including BIS designations of materials  Application of theories of failure to design  Design procedure and its application to static strength.
Design of mechanical elements: Design of screws, fasteners and connections  Design of axles, shafts, etc.  Bearing selection  Mechanical springs.
Design of Power Transmission Elements: Belt and Pulleys, Chain Drives, Clutches Brakes, Couplings and flywheels; Gears etc.
Fatigue Design: Introduction to design for fatigue strength  Endurance and modifying factors  Surface strength  Design procedure of fatigue failure with applications to design of bolts and springs subjected to fatigue loading.
Principles of Metal Cutting

(302) 4 Credits

Introduction to machine tools and machining operations  Mechanics of metal machining  Cutting forces, friction, cutting fluids and surface finish, lubrication, temperatures and heat transfer and its measurement  Tool life and tool wear aspects  Theoretical models of shear angle solution  Basic concepts of cost and economics of metal cutting operations  Tool nomenclature  Tool materials: HSS, carbides and coated carbides, ceramics and cermets, etc.  Chip control and design for machining.
Machine Tools

(302) 4 Credits

Lathes : Classification of lathes  Spindle and feed drive mechanisms  Typical operations on lathes  Cutting speeds and feeds  Work holding and tool holding devices  Cutting tools  Semi automatic and automatic lathes  Drilling machines: Classification and specifications  Work and tool holding devices  Types of drills  Speeds and feeds  Reamers and taps  Shapers: Classification and specifications  Quick return mechanism  Automatic feed  Typical operations on shapers  Planers: Classifications  Drives for speed and feed  Automatic feed Milling machines: Types and specifications  Various milling attachments  Typical operations on milling machines  Milling cutters  Boring machines: Types and classifications  Boring on typical components such as axle housing, tailstock, headstock, etc.  Boring fixtures  Boring mills: Setup and operation  Jig boring with examples  Broaching machines: Classification  Broach tool construction and geometry  Types of broaches  Examples of work done  Internal, external, spline, keyway and surface broaching  Gear cutting machines: Comparison of forming and generating processes  Working principles of gear hobbing and gear shaping machines  Cutters for gear shaping and gear hobbing  Bevel gear generator  Gear finishing methods: Gear shaving, gear grinding and gear lapping  Grinding machines: Theory of grinding  Wheel abrasives: Grade, grain, structure and designation of grinding wheels  Types of grinding machines: Cylindrical, surface, centreless and cutter grinders  Lapping, honing and super finishing methods  Deburring process.
Engineering Metrology

(302) 4 Credits

Introduction: Principles of dimensional and form measurements. Basic standards of length and angle. Industrial standards. Errors in measurement.
Linear and angular measurements: Vernier caliper, Micrometer, Dial indicator, Slip gauges, Angle gauges, Height gauges, Height gauges, Sine bar and Interferometers.
Comparators: Mechanical, Pneumatic, Electrical, Electronic and Optical Comparators Description, merits and demerits.
Projectors and microscopes: Abbeâ€™s comparator, Autocollimator, Tool makerâ€™s microscope, Alignment telescope  Applications.
Limits, Fits and Tolerances: Basic principles â€“ Terminologies used â€“ Maximum and least material conditions â€“ Disposition of tolerances and deviations.
Gauges: Types of gauges. Taylorâ€™s principle, Design of gauges.
Metrology of Gears and Screw Thread: Measurement of various errors in gears â€“ various instruments â€“ Constant chord method â€“ Base tangent method. Measurement of screw thread using 2 and 3 wire methods. Best size wire. Compensation for errors in these methods.
Surface Measurement: Various parameters â€“ Analysis and evaluation on these parameters â€“ Surface measuring instruments.
Interferometers : Types of light sources and interferometers, Types of scales and gratings, Optical flats, Use of different interferometers for calibration of height standards etc.
Coordinate Measuring Machines: CMMs, Applications, Types, Constructions, Probing, Hard probing and soft probing, Construction and working principle of touch trigger probe, Alignment, Programming, Types of errors.
Computer Graphics

(302) 4 Credits

Overview of graphics Systems: Points and lines, Line drawing algorithms  DDA and Bresenham line algorithms, Circle and ellipse generating algorithms, Conic sections, Primitives and functions. 2D transformation and their matrix representations. 3D concepts and object representation: 3D transformations. 3D display methods. Polygon surfaces, Curved lines and surfaces, Spline representations, Cubic spline interpolation methods, Bezier curves and surfaces, Bsplines and NURBS. Implementations using C++ language.
Advanced Manufacturing Processes

(302) 4 Credits

Newer processes in manufacturing  Process principles, process parameters, advantages, limitations and industrial applications of processes such as Abrasive Jet Machining (AJM), Water Jet Machining (WJM), Abrasive Water Jet Machining (AWJM), Abrasive Flow Machining (AFM), Ultrasonic Machining (UM), Electro Chemical Machining (ECM), Electro Chemical Grinding (ECG), Electro Chemical Discharge Grinding (ECDG), ShapedTube Electrolytic Machining (STEM), Electro Stream Drilling (ESD), Chemical Machining (CM), Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM), Electrical Discharge Wire Cutting (EDWC), Electron Beam Machining (EBM), Laser Machining (LM), Plasma Arc Cutting (PAC), Thermal Energy Method Deburring (TEM), High Energy Rate Forming, Hot and Cold Isostatic Pressing of Metal Powders, Ion Beam Machining (IBM), Super Plastic Forming (SPF)  Introduction to micromachining.
Finite Element Method and Applications

(302) 4 Credits

Introduction to FEM modeling.
Heat Transfer : Coordinates and shape functions â€“ Linear, Quadratic, Triangular, Axisymmetric, EulerLangrange equation, Galerkins approach, Assembly of global stiffness matrix, Boundary conditions such as convection, radiation, etc., Unsteady state heat transfer problems using finite difference time stepping techniques like Euler, Crank  Nicolsonâ€™s and Implicit methods, Point sources. Torsion of shafts.
Solid Mechanics : The potential energy approach, Galerkin approach, The finite element equations for one dimensional problems and treatment of boundary conditions, Temperature effects, Plane trusses, Two dimensional problems using constant strain triangles, Beams.
Introduction to Mass Transfer, Fluid Flow and Plate Bending
Local Coordinate System : Shape Functions in Local Coordinate System and Evaluation of Element Characteristic Matrices and Element Characteristic Vectors.
Laboratory work: solution of problems using FE packages.
Advanced Metal Forming

(302) 4 Credits

Elements of theory of plasticity  Formulation of plastic deformation problems and different methods of solution  Application of theory of plasticity for solving metal forming problems  Numerical methods in metal forming  Friction and lubrication in cold and hot working  Technological advances in metal forming processes  forging, rolling, extrusion, wire drawing and sheet metal forming  Computer aided die design for forging, extrusion and wire drawing  Automation in metal forming processes  Advances in sheet metal forming  Concept of formability and its evaluation  Hydroforming of sheets and tubes.
Industrial Engineering

(310) 4 Credits

Types of production; Jobbing, batch and mass production; Flexible systems of manufacture; Selection of production planning and control; Preplanning, demand forecasting; routing and scheduling techniques. Inventory control. Work study concepts and techniques; Activity sampling; Job design including ergonomic considerations. Planning of facilities and plant layout, Elementary concept of line balancing. Project network and scheduling techniques, Value engineering and value analysis concepts. Use of computers in industrial engineering.
Manufacturing Systems Engineering

(310) 4 Credits

Introduction of group technology, coding and classifications  Selection of coding systems  Examples of coding systems  Benefits of group technology  Cell formation approaches: Rank order clustering algorithm, Cluster identification algorithm, Similarity coefficient based methods, Mathematical programming based methods, and graph theoretic methods  Layout planning in cellular manufacturing  Flexible Manufacturing Systems
Introduction to process planning  Process planning in integrating CAD/CAM  Approaches to process planning: mutual, variant, generative and feature based  Some examples of process planning systems  Introduction to JustinTime manufacturing systems  Describing three Ms, Pull vs. Push, Types of Kanbans and Kanban planning and control models  Basic of concurrent engineering  Understanding interactions between design and manufacturing  Serial engineering vs. Concurrent engineering  Benefits of concurrent engineering.
Technology of Special Foundry Processes

(302) 4 Credits

Process details and analysis of die casting, centrifugal casting and continuous casting  Griffin process  Investment casting  Lost foam casting and Related Processes  Sodium silicate based sand systems  Fluid sand process  Shell sand, Oil sand, Hot box, Cold box, SO_{2} and other nobake organic binder processes  Rheocasting and thixocasting  Counter gravity casting  Layered manufacturing of pattern and mould.
Quality Assurance and Reliability

(300) 3 Credits

Probability and Statistics; Product Tolerances, Tolerance Analysis and Allocation.
Process Capability, Statistical Process control, Economics of quality Control. Acceptance Sampling Plans and selection. Taguchi Techniques. Product Reliability, Reliability Achievement, Reliability Testing, Reliability Evaluation. System Reliability Assessment. Quality Circles, ISO9000, Quality Audits.
Forging Die Design and Manufacture

(302) 4 Credits

Job analysis, designerâ€™s drawing, standards for forging tolerances and allowances, forging drawing  Preliminary die design considerations like parting line position, rib and web dimensions, draft angle, fillet and corner radii, etc.  Design of flash and gutter, preform design, insert design, finishers blocker design consideration  Design of upsetting and piercing tools  Design of trimming and punching die and tools  Estimation of forging load and energy  Computer aided design of forging dies  Automation in forge shops  Materials and properties of forging dies  Heat treatment of dies and tools  Problems of die wear, estimation and remedial measures  Recent development in technology of die forging  Economy of die design.
Machine Tools Design

(302) 4 Credits

Introduction to machine tool drives and mechanisms  General principles of machine tool design  Selection of electric motor  Mechanical transmission and its elements  Devices for intermittent motion  Regulation of speed and feed rates: Stepped regulation of speed  Design of speed and feed boxes  Classification of speed and feed boxes  Design of machine tool structures: Basic design principles  Process capability of machine tools  Static compliance and overall compliance of machine tools  Design of beds, columns, housings, bases and tables  Design of cross rails, arms, saddles and carriages  Design of rams  Design of guide ways: Slide ways and their design  Stick slip phenomenon in slide ways  Design of hydrodynamic slide ways  Design of hydrostatic slide ways  Design of antifriction guide ways  Design of spindles and spindle supports: Antifriction bearings  Preloading of antifriction bearings  Sliding bearings  Sleeve bearings  Hydrodynamic journal bearings  Vibrations in machine tools: Effects of vibrations  Sources of vibrations  Analysis of single degree of freedom system  Chatter theory  Regenerative principle  Elimination of vibrations: Damping.
Materials Management

(300) 3 Credits

Introduction  Relevance of materials management  Need for integrated approach  Deterministic models: EOQ, EPQ, discount, backlogging, multiitem models, etc.  Sensitivity analysis, basic systems of inventory management, inventory costing  Aggregate inventory models, stochastic inventory models, service levels, single period model, etc.  Role of uncertainty  Selective inventory control  Material planning, forecasting, warehousing, storage etc.  Documentation for purchasing, etc.  MRP: Concepts, logic, computerized models, implementation issues and case studies  JIT: Philosophy, logic, applications and implementation  Vendor selection and evaluation  Vendor relations, consolidation of vendor base, single sourcing  Information systems for materials  Documentation , eprocurement and internet based purchasing  Ecommerce and materials management  Organizational issues and evaluation of materials function.
Colloquium

(020) 2 Credits

Introduction to planning, preparing and making presentations â€“ preparation of slides, time management, communication aspects, etc. Making a presentation on practical training with response sheet for testing audience. Reading an assigned project report, making a presentation with audience response sheet and a critique on writing style, completeness and editorial getup. Performing patent searches on the project work and making a presentation. Preparing posters on practical training and presenting these at a poster session.
ELECTIVES
Elective I (300) 3 credits
Introduction to Sociology
Sociology of architecture, society, groups and subgroups, group formation and dynamics, culture, elements of culture, cultural systems and subsystems, lag, institutions, social, political and economic; formal organization and bureaucracy, stratification, status and role, Social policy and planning.
Industrial Psychology
Scope of scientific Psychology and Industrial Psychology.
Basic process : Perception.
Training and learning : Human variables, selection and placement: Intelligence, MA & IQ measurement.
Personality : Development, approaches, assessment and tests.
Selection and placement : Job analysis, interviewing, psychological tests, decision making process.
Motivation and work : Needs, hierarchy of needs, leadership supervision.
Ergonomics : Three processes
Work space and Human Factors in job design : Working environment, noise, atmospheric conditions and illumination.
Management Concepts and Techniques  An Introduction
Introduction to management theory : The system approach to management  Systems methodology  Management style  Managers and their external environment  Introduction to planning: Nature and scope of planning  Type of planning  Long and short term plans  Decision making: Systems approach to decision making.
Organizing : Basic departmentation  Line and staff authority relationships  Functions of leadership  Nature of leadership  Control: The system and process of control  Control techniques  Control of overall performance.
Introduction to functional areas of management : Operation management, financial management, marketing management, human resource management and organization management.
Elective II (302/310) 4 Credits
Material Handling Systems and Equipment
Introduction to various mechanical handling systems and equipment for handling unit load and bulk materials, namely pulley blocks, winches, electric hoists, EOT cranes, belt conveyor, bucket elevator, screw conveyor and pneumatic conveyor, etc.  Dynamic analysis, design procedures of their components, common mechanisms involved and their industrial applications  Programmable and flexible load handling devices.
Automobile Engineering
Introduction: History and development of vehicles  General classification of vehicles  Layout of a passenger car  Major parts.
Vehicle construction: Chassis, subframe, engine mounting, suspension systems, mounting of fuel tanks, radiator and exhaust systems.
Power unit: Principles of petrol and diesel engine operation  Engine parts and their functional aspects  Multi cylinder engines and power balance  Rotary Wankel engine  Gas turbines for automotive applications  Engine trouble shooting and repairs.
Fuel system: Combustion and engine fuels  Petrol pump  Carburetor: Types and functions, troubleshooting and servicing of carburetors  Diesel pumps and fuel injectors: Operation and troubleshooting intake and exhaust systems.
Cooling and lubrication systems: Air and water cooling systems  Radiator construction and maintenance  Cooling system faults and remedies  Types and methods of lubrication of various parts.
Power transmission system: Clutches: Construction and functional aspects of various types  Fluid flywheels  Gear box types  Gear selection arrangements, overdrives, automatic gear boxes, torque converters, lubrication and fault diagnostics  Propeller shaft: types  Differential: Floating of axles, double axle drives and maintenance.
Steering and suspension systems: Steering systems: Types and details  Ackerman principle of correct steering linkages  Toein Toeout  Camber angle  Castor angle  Power steering  Suspension systems: Independent suspension coil spring  Leaf springs and torsion bars, shock absorbers, wheels and wheel alignment  Faults and remedies in steering and suspension systems.
Brakes, wheels and tyres: Drum brake and disc brakes  Friction materials  Hydraulic and air brake systems  Power brakes  Brake defects and maintenance  Construction of wheels and tyres  Tyre removal and fitting  Balancing of wheels.
Electrical systems: Ignition systems: Starter motor circuits, dynamo charging circuits, lighting circuits and battery regulators  Troubleshooting and remedies.
Garage equipment and organization: Equipments for repair and service station  Testing equipments  Garage organization and management.
Geometrical Modeling for Manufacturing
Geometric representation of curves, surfaces and solids  Machining of freeform surfaces from geometric models  Geometric modeling for die and mold design  Geometric model driven process simulation and process planning  Use of geometric models in inspection of curved geometries and reverse engineering  Realization of freeform solids by layered manufacturing  Computational geometry for manufacturing and inspection.
Advanced Numerical Modeling
Finite difference discretization: Truncation error, stability, consistency and convergence  Lax equivalence theorem (statement only)  Finite difference treatment of second order nonlinear partial differential equations of elliptic type, irregular boundary shapes and body fitted grid generation  Convergence: Acceleration of convergence, approximate factorization method and multi grid methods  Second order equations of parabolic type : ADI method and implicit schemes  Solution of hyperbolic system of conservation law computation of discontinuous solution  Introduction to finite volume method with simple examples.
Advanced Welding Technology
Review of major welding processes  Heat flow in welding  Welding stresses and distortion  Weldability of specific materials  Cracks in welds  Weldability tests  Weld defects  Weld inspection, repair and maintenance  Weld design based on static, fatigue loading and fracture toughness.
Elective III (302 /310) 4 Credits
Manufacture of Plastics and Ceramic Products
Plastics : General properties of engineering plastics  Structural features  Behavior of reinforced plastics and common fabrication techniques  Common fabrication processes and their analysis (extrusion, injection molding, thermoforming, etc.)  Flow analysis of polymer melt  Typical defects in plastic components and their prevention.
Ceramics : Classification of ceramics  Historical development  Technologic and economic significance  Structural features  Physical properties  Engineering processing: the sintering process, powder pressing and sintering fabrication processes  Sintering defects  Slip casting  Ceramic injection molding  Tape casting  Refractory  Single crystal processing.
Facility Layout and Design
Nature and scope of facility design  Facility design and facility layout  Facility location: Location factors and location analysis with fixed costs  Continuous facility location  Facility layout: objectives, facility layout models, visual aids, optimal and heuristic procedures and computerized layout planning  Production line: Mass production management  Design and operation of singlemodel and mixedmodel lines  Buffer stocks  Material handling: definitions, objectives, principles of material handling and material handling equipment selection.
Rapid Prototyping and Reverse Engineering
Basic principles and classification of RP processes  Industrial RP systems, like Stereolithography, Fused Deposition Modeling, Selective Laser Sintering, Laminated Object Manufacturing, 3D Printing, Ballistic Particle Modeling, etc.  Role of RP and rapid tooling in product development  Process planning for RP  STL file generation  Defects in STL files and repairing algorithms  Slicing and various slicing procedures  Accuracy issues in rapid prototyping  Strength of RP parts  Surface roughness problem in RP  Part deposition, orientation and issues like accuracy, surface finish, build time, support structure, cost, etc.  Rapid tooling techniques, such as laminated metallic tooling and direct metal laser sintering  Introduction to reverse engineering  Integration of reverse engineering and RP.
Operational Research II
Nonlinear programming : KuhnTucker conditions, constrained and unconstrained optimization and search techniques  Use of NLP computer software packages.
Dynamic programming: Principle of optimality, stage coach problems and recursive relationship  Applications to assignment problem, Knapsack problem and productioninventory problems.
Probabilistic OR models: Markov chains, Queuing theory, Poisson and nonPoisson queues, Priority discipline models and Computer packages for solving queuing problems.
Heat Treatment Technology
Alloying behavior of iron and decomposition of austenite  Diffusionless and diffusion controlled transformations, pearlitic, bainitic and martensitic transformations  Concept of hardness and hardenability, mass effect, etc.  Surface and volume hardening, tempering, annealing and normalizing  Heat treatment of alloy steel castings and forgings, stainless steels, Hadfield steels and spring steels  Heat treatment of cast iron, malleable iron and SG iron  Heat treatment of nonferrous metals and alloys  Theory of age hardening  Heat treatment of Brasses, Bronzes, Al and Mg alloys.
Elective IV (302/310) 4 Credits
Project Management
Nature of projects: project as nonrepetitive unit production system and as agent of change  Project identification considering objectives and SWOT analysis  Screening of project ideas  Technical, market, financial, socioeconomic and ecological appraisal of a project  Work break down structure and network development  Basic scheduling  Critical path and four kinds of floats  Scheduling under probabilistic durations  Time cost tradeoffs  Project monitoring: PERT/Cost  Organizational aspects, computer packages and project completion.
Knowledge Management for Competitiveness
Knowledge management (KM): Introduction, definitions, industrial relevance  Evolving industrial competition (multiattributed competition)  Complex and dynamic systems  Growing need for knowledge and its effective management  Role of IT, KM and CRM  KM technical concepts: Data vs. information vs. knowledge  The knowledge edge  Knowledge engineering  KM framework (process steps)  Aligning KM with manufacturing strategy, business strategy, etc.  Design and deployment of KM in industrial enterprises (KM team, KM system analysis, developing effective systems, knowledge audit)  IT based tools (role of simulation, intelligent systems)  KM challenges and opportunities  Managing innovations  Performance measurement  KM and competitiveness link  Applications and cases.
Supply Chain Management
Introduction and overview of supply chain management  Inbound and outbound logistics  Supply chain as a source of competitive advantage  Inbound logistics: Buyervendor coordination, procurement, vendor development, reduced sourcing and supplier partnership  benefits, risks and critical success factors, multilevel supply control. Outbound logistics: Customer service, physical distribution planning, channel considerations, inventory strategies and management, transportation infrastructure and management, facility location, materials handling  Strategic considerations for supply chain: Porterâ€™s industry analysis and valuechain models, the concept of total cost of ownership, supply stream strategies, classification and development guidelines, measuring effectiveness of supply management, logistics engineering  Operations research models for operational and strategic issues in supply chain management.
Industrial Tribology
Importance of lubrication, mechanisms and regimes of lubrication  Viscosity and its measurement  Bearing varieties and selection  Hydrodynamic lubrication  Journal and thrust bearings  Lubricants  Bearing materials  Rolling bearings
Methoding of Castings
Principles of fluid flow: Types and design of gating system  Use of ceramic filters in gating system  Principles of solidification and heat transfer  Design of risers  Improving risering efficiency  Insulating and exothermic sleeves.
Introduction to design of castings  Selection of parting line  Design and construction of pattern and core box
Computer simulation of casting processes: Prediction of mould filling, solidification, residual stress and microstructure evolution and their role in design of casting, gating and risering.
Elective V (302 /310) 4 Credits
Total Quality Management
Evolution of quality paradigms  Customer orientation  Quality philosophies  TQM in manufacturing and services  Tools and improvement cycle (PDCA)  Life cycle approach to quality costs  Prevention, appraisal and failure costs  Organizational, communicational and team requirements  Quality circles  Seven QC tools and their applications  Quality function deployment  Statistical process control  Process capability  Total productive maintenance  Importance of standardization (national and international)  Quality systems  Quality manuals  Quality information systems and documentation  Auditing  Basics of ISO9000 and ISO 14000: Relevance and misconceptions  Sixsigma philosophy  Quality strategy and policy  Implementation barriers to TQM practices.
Design for Manufacturing and Assembly
An overview of three stages of product design, generating and evaluating conceptual alternatives from manufacturability point of view, selection of materials and processes  Evaluating part configurations for manufacturability  Evaluating parametric mechanical engineering designs for manufacturability  DFM analysis for various manufacturing processes  Product design for manual assembly  Product design for highspeed automatic assembly  Product design for robot assembly.
Micro and Nano Manufacturing
An overview of micro and nano mechanical systems and their applications in mechanical engineering  MEMS micro fabrication methods  Silicon micromachining methods  Laser micromachining methods  Mechanical micromachining techniques  Nano manufacturing methods  CAD/CAM tools for micro and nano manufacturing processes.
Concurrent Engineering
Concurrent engineering  meaning and need  Review of engineering problem solving methods  Description of methods of analysis, decision making, creativity and information processing and their role in engineering  Discussion of emerging engineering strategies of total design  Design for manufacturing and assembly  Quality function deployment  Constraint networks  Integrating concurrent approaches with those of conventional  Implementation of concurrent engineering in industrial environment, especially those of IT and high speed computation.
Design and Manufacturing of Composites
FRP composites, fiber types, fiber forms and properties, matrices type and properties, lamina, laminate, orthotropy, anisotropy, composites  macro and micromechanical analysis and properties, Failure theories  TsaiHill, TsaiWu, Primary and secondary manufacturing  Layup, Autoclave molding filament winding, Pultrusion, Compression molding, RTM, RIM, SRIM, machining, drilling, routing etc., design, structural and testing, applications. Metal matrix composites and ceramic matrix composites  Manufacturing routes and applications.
Elective VI (302/310) 4 Credits
Fluid Power Control
Fundamental concepts of fluid power transmission, drives and controls  Oil hydraulics: Properties of conventional fluid  Power pack, valves, positive displacement pumps and motors, electrohydraulic valves (servo and proportional control), symbols, circuit and systems  Pneumatics: Compressible fluid properties; components, symbols, circuit and applications  Fluid power and control in automation: Fluid logic, applications  Special topics on fluid power and control applications.
Mechatronics
Introduction to mechatronic systems and components  Principle of basic electronics  Microprocessors and their applications  Integrated circuits, sensors, actuators, and other electrical/electronic hardware in mechatronic systems.
Principles of electronic/system communication: Interfacing, DA and AD converters, software and hardware principles and tools to build mechatronic systems  Selection of mechatronic systems, namely, sensors like encoders and resolvers  Stepper and servomotors  Solenoid like actuators  Transmission elements like ball screw and controllers  Analysis and synthesis of mechatronic systems with applications to robotics, CNC systems and others.
Non Destructive Testing
Scope of nondestructive evaluation; Liquidpenetrant and magnetic particle inspection techniques; Xray and gammaray radiography; Ultrasonic inspection: principle of wave propagation through solids, surface waves, pulse echo technique, A,B,C scan; Eddy current testing; Image sensing through welding arc; Thermal imaging; Image reconstruction; Inspection of typical components: castings, forgings, welded components, brazed and adhesive bonded assemblies.
Evolutionary Computing
Genetic algorithms : Introduction, mathematical foundation, computer implementation, applications.
Neural networks : Introduction, multilayer networks, recurrent networks, learning paradigms.
Fuzzy analysis : Introduction to fuzzy set theory, mathematical foundation, applications.
Chaos: complexity and simplicity, evolution of possibilities, simple models of chaos, deterministic chaos, selforganization.
Evolutionary computing : Hybrid intelligent system, evolutionary dynamics, evolutionary engineering and its application.
Laser Applications in Manufacturing
Common industrial lasers and their output characteristics: CO2, Ruby, NdYAG, Ndglass, excimer & HeNe. Overview of laser Applications: Laser application in various fields, advantages & disadvantages, economics. Laser processing fundamentals: beam characteristics, absorption characteristics of materials, heat flow theory and metallurgical considerations. Cutting and drilling: Process characteristics, material removal modes, development of theoretical models and practical performance. Welding: Process mechanisms like keyhole & plasma, development of theoretical models, operating characteristics and process variation. Surface modification: heat treatment, rapid solidification, alloying and cladding, surface texturing, development of theoretical models, LCVD, LPVD. Introduction to interferometry: working principles of Michelson interferometer and FabryPerot interferometer and elementary holography. Special topics: detection and measurement of radiation, laser safety.
